2012年度美国国家图书奖获奖作品《圆屋》及其作者厄德里克简介

Louise Erdrich(1954- )

纽约当地时间11月14日晚,2012年度美国国家图书奖颁奖仪式在Cipriani酒店举行,印第安裔女作家路易丝•厄德里克(Louise Erdrich)凭借一部感人至深的小说《圆屋》(The Round House)击败了胡诺特•迪亚兹及戴夫•伊戈斯等人极受好评的新作,获得了2012年度美国国家图书奖小说奖。

创建于1950年的美国国家图书奖(American National Book Award)是美国文学界的最高荣誉之一,是与著名的普利策文学奖齐名的文学奖项。

2012年美国国家图书奖小说奖的竞争比去年更加激烈。和往年不同的是,往年都有许多不知名作家入围。但今年的评委将许多知名作家选入最后短名单。除了路易丝•厄德里克,还有前普利策奖小说奖得主朱诺•迪亚兹。他的入围小说是《这就是你失去她的道理》(This Is How You Lose Her)。戴夫•易格斯的《国王的全息象》(A Hologram for the King),以上两位作家的作品也都曾在中国翻译出版。凯文•鲍威尔(Kevin Powers)的《黄色鸟群》(The Yellow Birds)也入围了今年的国家图书奖短名单。(他的小说中文版已在翻译中,估计近期将会出版。)最终厄德里克的小说《圆屋》荣获此项殊荣。

厄德里克是以描写美国原住民部落成名的小说家、诗人、儿童小说作家。其作品主要关注美国印第安文化遗产方面的问题。她是批评家肯尼思•林肯(Kenneth Lincoln)所倡导的“印第安文学复兴”运动中于1968年之后出现的最具代表性的一位作家。她被视为可与威廉•福克纳齐名,是美国当代最多产、最重要、最有成就的作家之一,曾先后获纳尔逊•阿尔格伦短篇小说奖、苏•考夫曼奖、欧•亨利短篇小说奖、全国书评家协会奖。2008年在我国由译林出版社出版发行的中文版小说《爱药》是她的成名作和代表作,也是第一部被译成中文的当代美国印第安长篇小说。

《圆屋》是路易丝•厄德里克的第14部小说,展现了奥吉布瓦人和白人居住在同一个社区中的艰辛。在厄德里克的获奖感言中,她用印第安人的奥吉布瓦语发表自己的感想,她说获得国家图书奖部分是对美国原住民语言的肯定,也是对“原住民女性优雅和坚韧”的肯定。“这部作品是对原住民保留地还在发生的大量不公正事件的控诉。感谢你们让更多人知道”。厄德里克通过描写这些贴近生活的人物角色,充分展现了生活中的悲剧性、戏剧性。评论家齐亚巴塔里(Jane Ciabattari)说,《圆屋》是厄德里克所创作的最优秀的一部小说, Continue reading

本年度美国国家图书奖揭晓:厄尔德里克的小说《园房子》获此殊荣

The best of American literature was recognized on Wednesday in New York City.

‘The Round House’ by Louise Erdrich wins the National Book Award for fiction.

Louise Erdrich’s The Round House, a novel about a woman who is raped and left traumatized on an Indian reservation in North Dakota, won the National Book Award for fiction on Wednesday.

Erdrich, who gave part of her acceptance speech in Ojibwe, said the award “recognized the grace and endurance of native women.” USA TODAY’s four-star review called it “deeply moving” and “impossible to forget.”

The other winners are:

Non-fiction:Behind the Beautiful Forevers: Life, Death and Hope in a Mumbai Undercity by Katherine Boo, who said that “small stories and hidden places matter.” The judges praised the “interview-based narrative in which the interviewer never appears.”

Young People’s Literature: Goblin Secrets by William Alexander, a fantasy about a boy searching for his missing brother. The judges praised it for “brilliantly revealing our own selves by holding up our masks.” Alexander called his win “proof that alternative realities exist.”

Poetry: Bewilderment by David Ferry, which the judges praised for “singing about the human condition as casually and ferociously as it is lived.”

Katherine Boo won the non-fiction National Book Award for ‘Behind the Beautiful Forevers.'(Photo: Random House)

The winners in fiction, non-fiction, poetry and young people’s literature each receive $10,000 — and a boost in their literary reputations and book sales. To be eligible for this year’s awards, a book must have been published in the USA between Dec. 1, 2011, and Nov. 30, 2012, and been written by a U.S. citizen.

The 62-year-old awards, rivaled only by the Pulitzers in prestige, are sponsored by theNational Book Foundation, which is supported by the publishing industry.

REVIEW: ‘The Round House’ by Louise Erdrich

2012年度美国国家图书奖短名单揭晓!

在我们广大的中国读者欢庆第一位拥有中国国籍的用汉语进行创作的作家获得诺贝尔文学奖之际,美国国家图书奖评审委员会公布了本年度进入角逐国家图书奖(National Book Award)的5位候选人名单。其中,已经享有较高声誉的朱诺特·迪亚兹(Junot Diaz)、罗伊斯·艾尔德里奇(Louise Erdrich)和戴夫·艾格尔斯(Dave Eggers)榜上有名。另外两位则是凭借处女作跻身短名单的凯文·鲍尔斯(Kevin Powers)和本·方丹(Ben Fountain)。该项奖励的最终结果将于11月14日在纽约公布。

以下是来自USA Today的相关报道:

进入国家图书奖短名单的作品。上面一行为虚构类作品(Fiction);下面一行为非虚构类作品(Non-Fiction)。

Diaz, Erdrich, Eggers earn National Book Award noms

Three novelists who’ve gained literary respect as well as commercial success — Junot Diaz, (This is How You Lose Her), Louise Erdrich (The Round House) and Dave Eggers (A Hologram for the King) — are among the finalists for the National Book Award for fiction announced Wednesday.

Junot Diaz

The other two finalists are debut novels about the war in Iraq and its aftermath: Kevin Powers’ and Ben Fountain’s Billy Lynn’s Long Halftime Walk.

The five finalists for the non-fiction award include The Passage of Power, Robert Caro’s fourth book on Lyndon Johnson; Behind the Beautiful Forevers, Katherine Boo’s account of life in a Mumbai slum; and House of Stone, a memoir, set mostly in Lebanon, by Anthony Shadid, a Lebanese-American reporter who died in February at 43 while covering the civil war in Syria for The New York Times.

The awards — rivaled in the book world only by the Pulitzers — were announced on on MSNBC’s Morning Joe, the first time in the awards’ 62-year history that the finalists were revealed on TV. In the past, they were announced at a literary site, such as William Faulkner’s home in Oxford, Miss., or City Lights Bookstore in San Francisco.

And in contrast to recent years, when many of finalists and even the winners were not well known, this year’s selections include several books that not only got rave reviews but landed on USA TODAY’s Best-Selling Books List:

— Caro, whose third book on LBJ, Master of the Senate, won a National Book Award in 2003, reached No. 15 with his latest book that opens with a vivid description of the Kennedy assassination from Johnson’s perspective.

— Diaz, a native of the Dominican Republic who grew up in New Jersey and now teaches at MIT, hit No. 29 on the list with his latest, a collection of linked stories about love, or its lack. It features the novelist’s alter ego, Yunior, from Diaz’s novel, The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao, which won the Pulitzer Prize in 2008.

— Boo’s first book, based on her reporting in Mumbai for The New Yorker, reached No. 28 on the list, driven mostly by rave reviews. It got 3 and 1/2 stars from USA TODAY’s Deirdre Donahue who called it “original, detailed and so unbelievably sad, it makes Slumdog Millionaire (the hit move) seem almost like a romantic comedy.”

And while Eggers’ and Erdrich’s latest novels – hers is about an attack on a woman at an Ojibwe reservation in North Dakota; his is about a struggling American businessman in Saudi Arabia — haven’t made the best-selling list so far this year, they’ve had best sellers before, including Eggers’ A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius in 2000 and Erdrich’s The Master Butcher’s Singing Club in 2004.

Anthony Shadid

The other finalists this year are:

Non-fiction: Anne Applebaum’s Iron Curtain: The Crushing of Eastern Europe 1945-1956 and Domingo Martinez’s The Boy Kings of Texas, a debut memoirs about coming of age in Brownsville, on the border with Mexico.

Young People’s Literature: William Alexander’s Goblin Secrets, Carrie Arcos’ Out of Reach, Patricia McCormick’s Never Fall Down, Eliot Schrefer’s Endangered, and Steve Sheinkin’s Bomb: The Race to Build — and Steal — the World’s Most Dangerous Weapons.

Poetry: David Ferry’s Bewilderment: New Poems and Translations, Cynthia Huntington’s Heavenly Bodies, Tim Seibles’ Fast Animal, Alan Shapiro’s Night of the Republic and Susan Wheeler’s Meme.

The four winners, selected by five-member panels of other writers, will be announced at a black-tie gala in New York City, Nov. 14, hosted by Faith Salie, the actress, comedian and former Rhodes Scholar.

Winners receive $10,000 each, and a boost in their literary reputations and book sales. To. be eligible, a book must be published in the USA between Dec. 1, 2011, and Nov. 30, 2012, and be written by a U.S. citizen.

The awards are sponsored by the National Book Foundation, which is supported by the publishing industry.

2011US国家图书奖揭晓

The poet John Ashbery was honored for his lifetime of work.

2011年度美国国家图书奖的各个奖项已经揭晓?

  • Jesmyn Ward描写飓风卡特林娜的小说Salvage the Bones因其犀利的卓尔不凡的比喻赢得本年度美国国家图书奖小说奖;
  • Nikky Finney的Head Off and Split获国家图书奖诗歌奖;
  • Thanhha Lai的Inside Out and Back Again 获青少年文学奖;
  • Stephen Greenblatt的传记The Swerve: How the World Became Modern获非虚构类图书奖;
  • 诗人John Ashbery获颁美国文学杰出贡献奖(The award for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters)【John Ashbery已经出版了 20多部诗集,获得过一次普利策奖( Pulitzer Prize)和一次国家图书奖。

以下是一篇来自BBC NEWS的报道:

Salvage the Bones wins US National Book Award

A novel about a Mississippi family confronting Hurricane Katrina has won the US National Book Award for fiction.

The judges praised Jesmyn Ward’s Salvage the Bones for its use of “piercing metaphor and simile”.

Nikky Finney’s Head Off and Split took the poetry prize, while Thanhha Lai’s Inside Out and Back Again won the award for young people’s literature.

Stephen Greenblatt’s The Swerve, about Latin poet Lucretius, triumphed in the non-fiction category.

Author Ward (far right) was in Mississippi with her family when Hurricane Katrina hit

In her acceptance speech, Ward said the death of her younger brother – who was hit by a drunk driver when she was in college – had inspired her to become a writer.

She said she realised life was a “feeble, unpredictable thing,” but that books were a testament of strength in the face of a punishing world.

Greenblatt, tearful in victory, noted the miracle of words in making an ancient poet such as Lucretius matter so greatly centuries later.

University of Kentucky creative writing professor Finney also gave a poetic acceptance speech for her work, which delves into African-American life.

Actor John Lithgow, the show’s host, called it “the best acceptance speech for anything that I’ve heard in my entire life”.

The winners of the awards – which are among the most prestigious in US publishing – each received $10,000 (£6,400).

The awards were hit by controversy last month when the nominees were first announced and author Lauren Myracle mistakenly appeared on the shortlist, in the young people’s literature category, for her book Shine.

The book was withdrawn after the National Book Foundation cited a “miscommunication”. It appeared Myracle’s book had been confused with Franny Billingsley’s similar-sounding novel Chime.

Shortly after, the Foundation welcomed Shine back into the category “based on its merits”, but Myracle was asked to withdraw a number of days later “to preserve the integrity of the award”, the author said.

银河图书奖GNBP和国家图书奖NBA

GNBP是Galaxy National Book Prize(银河图书奖)的缩写,通常说成Galaxy Book Prize。2011年度的银河图书奖最后的短名单已经公布。在文学作品方面,桂冠诗人卡萝尔·安·达菲(Carol Ann Duffy)凭借其最新诗集《蜜蜂》(The Bees)而跻身其中。同时参加该奖项角逐的其他作家包括:Julian Barnes, Carol Birch,  Andrea Levy, Anthony Horowitz和 Alan Hollinghurst。【详细内容,请点击这里

这里的NBA不是北美篮球联盟,而是“国家图书奖”(National Book Awards)。今年国家图书奖的最终角逐名单也已于10月12日正式公布。其中的文学部分的候选人包括:

  • Andrew Krivak, for “The Sojourn” (Bellevue Literary Press), a novel set during World War I
  • Téa Obreht for “The Tiger’s Wife” (Random House), a best-selling debut novel set in the war-torn Balkans
  • Julie Otsuka for “The Buddha in the Attic” (Knopf), about Japanese “picture brides” brought to the United States nearly a century ago
  • Edith Pearlman for “Binocular Vision” (Lookout Books), a story collection whose characters confront issues of identity and relocation
  • Jesmyn Ward for “Salvage the Bones” (Bloomsbury USA), a story of a Mississippi Gulf family facing Hurricane Katrina

据说这次美国国家图书基金会( the National Book Foundation)还摆了个乌龙。他们将Lauren Myracle “Shine”列入了短名单,5天后有电话通知人家撤出。详情在这里

【有关国家图书奖的详细内容,请点击这里

摇滚明星荣获2010国家图书奖

2010年美国国家图书奖获奖结果最后公布:非虚构类作品奖颁给了摇滚明星帕蒂·史密斯(Patti Smith)的回忆录《不过是孩子》(Just Kids);虚构类作品奖出人意料地颁给了贾米·高登(Jaimy Gordon)的小说《暴政之王》(Lord of Misrule),而此前呼声一直很高的乔纳森·弗伦岑(Jonathan Franchen)却最终无缘问鼎。此外,新人新作奖则归属了凯思琳·厄斯金(Kathryn Erskine)的《反舌鸟》(Mockingbird);特朗斯·海耶斯(Terrance Hayes)的Lighthead获得了诗歌奖;汤姆·伍尔夫(Tom Wolfe)获得了杰出贡献奖,等等。以下是《纽约时报》上的一篇相关报道文章:

November 17, 2010

National Book Award for Patti Smith

By JULIE BOSMAN

Patti Smith won the nonfiction award on Wednesday for her memoir of her relationship with Robert Mapplethorpe.

The rock musician Patti Smith won the National Book Award for nonfiction on Wednesday night for “Just Kids,” a sweetly evocative memoir of her relationship with the artist Robert Mapplethorpe and life in the bohemian New York of the 1960s and ’70s.

Accepting the award to applause and cheers, Ms. Smith — clearly the favorite of the night — choked up as she recalled her days as a clerk in the Scribner’s bookstore in Manhattan.

“I dreamed of having a book of my own, of writing one that I could put on a shelf,” she said. “Please, no matter how we advance technologically, please don’t abandon the book. There is nothing in our material world more beautiful than the book.” “Just Kids” was published by Ecco, an imprint of HarperCollins.

In the fiction category, Jaimy Gordon won for “Lord of Misrule,” a surprise pick for a book published by McPherson & Company, a small literary publisher in Kingston, N.Y. The novel, about the ruthless world of horse racing in West Virginia, was praised by the judges as a “vivid, memorable and linguistically rich novel.”

“I’m totally unprepared, and I’m totally surprised,” a stunned-looking Ms. Gordon said in a brief speech.

More than 650 guests, about 10 more than last year, attended the ceremony for the awards, now in their 61st year, at Cipriani Wall Street in Manhattan. Tables cost $12,000.

The winners received a check for $10,000 and a bronze statue. An increase in sales often follows.

In a well-worn tradition, the list of finalists inspired some grumbling from publishing insiders who objected that the choices were too obscure. Most notably, Jonathan Franzen’s novel “Freedom,” which was a literary sensation and best seller this year, did not make the cut.

A new set of judges chooses the finalists each year, meeting as a group for the first time over lunch on the day of the event to pick the winners.

This year’s list was notable for its unusually high number of women. Of the 20 finalists, 13 were women, a record.

The award for young people’s literature went to Kathryn Erskine, a lawyer-turned-writer, for “Mockingbird,” the story of an 11-year-old girl’s struggle with Asperger syndrome. It was published by Philomel Books, a division of the Penguin Young Readers Group.

The award for poetry went to Terrance Hayes for “Lighthead,” a collection published by Viking Penguin. His victory was unanimous, with the judges citing its “dazzling mixture of wisdom and lyric innovation.”

For the second year in a row, Andy Borowitz, a writer and comedian, hosted the event, a black-tie dinner.

He opened his remarks with the death-of-print jokes that have been a staple at publishing gatherings since the birth of e-books.

“I said last year that publishing was a sinking ship,” Mr. Borowitz said. “I believe that publishing is still very much in the process of sinking. Publishing is a Carnival cruise ship. It’s on fire, the toilets don’t work, but we are surviving day to day on Pop-Tarts and Spam.”

Tom Wolfe received the 2010 Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters, and gave a long speech about his adventures in newspaper journalism, in the process dropping the names of Leonard Bernstein, Robert Lowell and David Halberstam.

Joan Ganz Cooney, a public television producer and founder of the Children’s Television Workshop in 1968, won the 2010 Literarian Award for Outstanding Service to the American Literary Community.

Jon Scieszka, a children’s book author, presented the award, praising Ms. Ganz Cooney for having “championed the importance of reaching disadvantaged kids.”

In her remarks, Ms. Ganz Cooney said one of the biggest challenges in the book industry was making sure that children can benefit from digital technology.

“We’ve worked to make sure that games do not crowd out books for young children,” she said. “So far, so good.”