希拉里·曼特尔的三部曲之二《提堂》再获曼布克小说奖

希拉里·曼特尔(Hilary Mantel)的都铎三部曲完成了两部。两部都获得了曼布克小说奖(Man Booker Prize)的殊荣。这确实是曼特尔巨大的成就和荣誉。她是第一位也是迄今为止唯一的一位连续两部作品获得布克奖,也是第三位两次获得该项殊荣的作家。(6:06PM EDT October 16. 2012 – The first to win for a sequel and the only the third writer to win twice: Both apply to British novelist Hilary Mantel, who has won the prestigious 2012 Man Booker Prize for Bring Up the Bodies)都铎三部曲的第一部《狼厅》(Wolf Hall)于2009年获得布克奖;第二部《提堂》(Bring up the Bodies)再度折桂;第三部暂定书名《镜和灯》(The Mirror and Light)也将出版。

下面奉上一篇述评文章。这是在布克奖短名单出来之后,我让我的学生,2011级研究生王飞同学写的(我今天稍稍作了调整)。藉此,大家可以了解更多一些相关信息:

曼特尔出手不凡,《提堂》再获布克奖殊荣

曾经凭借小说《狼厅》(Wolf Hall) 荣获2009年布克奖的英国女作家希拉里·曼特尔(Hilary Mantel)凭借新作《提堂》(Bring up the Bodies)再获殊荣。这么短的时间内两次荣获布克奖,这位作家的魅力不可小觑。但对于大多数中国读者,希拉里·曼特尔还是一个略显陌生的名字。

1952年出生的希拉里·曼特尔曾在伦敦经济学院和谢菲尔德大学攻读法律学位,1973年从谢菲尔德大学毕业。曼特尔的写作主要涉及名人传记和历史小说等形式,她1985年发表了处女作《每天都是母亲节》(Every Day is Mother’s Day》,从此开启了她的文学创作生涯。她1992年发表的作品《更安全的地方》(A Place of Greater Safety)重现了法国大革命的宏伟场面,获得了周日快报年度小说奖 (Sunday Express Book of the Year)。她2005年的作品《黑暗深处》(Beyond Black)入围2006年英联邦作家奖,并获得2006年橘子奖(the Orange Prize)的提名。直至2009年《狼厅》发表并荣获布克奖——当今英国乃至全世界最重要的文学奖项之一,曼特尔才真正开始进入文坛的聚光灯之下,受到不少海内外评论家及读者的关注。

曼特尔以历史题材创作的《狼厅》一经出版便好评如潮,目前全世界已有30多个国家和地区引进了这部小说的版权,其总销售量也高达20多万册,2012年,《观察家报》将其誉为“十大最佳历史小说”之一,这部小说的成功也为曼特尔本人带来了广泛的知名度和影响力。2010年上海译文出版社也在中国发行了这部小说的中文简体版。《狼厅》选取了英国历史上著名的都铎王朝时期为故事背景,亨利八世(Henry Ⅷ)是英格兰亨利七世的次子,都铎王朝的第二位国王。亨利七世在位时,为了加强同邻邦的友好合作,让自己的长子亚瑟迎娶了西班牙阿拉贡的凯瑟琳公主为妻。后来亚瑟不幸逝世,亨利七世为了团结西班牙共同对抗法国,竭力留住了凯瑟琳公主,并将其嫁给了当时年仅12岁的次子亨利八世。当时的英格兰,国王假若没有男性继承人,就会很快陷入权力争夺和战争之中,而凯瑟琳皇后仅仅为亨利八世生出了玛丽公主(即后来的玛丽一世)一个女儿,往后几次的生育都以流产告终。而亨利八世和女侍官安妮·傅林发生了一场婚外情,并想要解除和凯瑟琳的婚姻,迎娶安妮·傅林。但在当时天主教管制下的英国,离婚被视为是不道德的行为,因此亨利八世的离婚请求遭到教皇强烈拒绝。在这样的一个历史背景下,《狼厅》拉开了序幕。 Continue reading

凭借《狼厅》荣获2009年度布克奖的希拉里·曼托尔再度入围2012年度布克奖短名单·短名单及简介

凭借《狼厅》荣获2009年度布克奖的希拉里·曼托尔再度入围2012年度布克奖短名单

Man Booker Prize: Hilary Mantel makes shortlist

Mantel’s Bring Up the Bodies, a fictional account of Thomas Cromwell’s life, is one of six titles in contention, as is Will Self‘s Umbrella.

Tan Twan Eng and Deborah Levy have also made the shortlist, as have first-time novelists Alison Moore and Jeet Thayi.

2012曼布克奖短名单:

The winner will be announced on 16 October

Man Booker Prize – 2012 shortlist

  • Tan Twan Eng – The Garden of Evening Mists
  • Deborah Levy – Swimming Home
  • Hilary Mantel – Bring Up the Bodies
  • Alison Moore – The Lighthouse
  • Will Self – Umbrella
  • Jeet Thayil – Narcopolis

入围2012布克奖短名单作品简介

THE GARDEN OF EVENING MISTS – TAN TWAN ENG

The Garden of Evening Mists  by Tan Twan Eng

Publisher: Myrmidon Books

About the book: Set in Malaya just after World War II, The Garden of Evening Mists follows young law graduate Yun Ling Teoh, a survivor of a Japanese prison camp, as she seeks solace among the plantations of the Cameron Highlands.

There she discovers Yugiri, the only Japanese garden in Malaya, and its owner and creator, the secretive Aritomo.

Aritomo agrees to accept Yun Ling as his apprentice “until the monsoon”, so that she can design a garden in memorial to her sister who died in the prison camp.

About the author: Tan Twan Eng’s first novel, The Gift of Rain, was longlisted for the Man Booker Prize in 2007. Born in 1972 in Penang, he lived in various places in Malaysia as a child.

He studied law at the University of London and later worked as lawyer in Kuala Lumpur. He has a first-dan ranking in aikido and currently lives in Cape Town.

The judges said: “In some of the most poised, precise prose offered to us this year, it’s the story of a Japanese garden created in honour of a Japanese victim of war and is sternly paced to match its subject.

“One of us likened its beauty to that of slowly clashing icebergs. And we all admired the serenity of the gardener, the former servant of the emperor, who is one of the most memorable characters in all the 30,000 pages or so we read this year.”

SWIMMING HOME – DEBORAH LEVY

Swimming Home by Deborah Levy

Publisher: And Other Stories/Faber & Faber

About the book: Swimming Home explores the harm that depression can have on apparently stable people. The tautly structured story unfolds over a week in a summer villa in the French Riviera.

About the author: Born in 1959, Deborah Levy writes fiction, plays and poetry. Her work has been staged by the Royal Shakespeare Company and her previous novels include Beautiful Mutants, Swallowing Geography and Billy and Girl.

Swimming Home is her first novel in more than 10 years. Traditional publishers turned down the novel and it only made it into print following the help of supporters and friends and through the use of subscription. It was serialised on Radio 4 as a Book at Bedtime.

The judges said: “It seems simple enough: a holiday villa in France, a pool, Bohemian families at play and the young intruder who comes to stay. But this is much more than a story of a snake in the grass.

“Inconvenient truth is etched into Levy’ s idyll in subtle, obliquely outlined ways. Some of them gently literary, others acid and raw. There is a technical artistry, glowing prose, an intimate exposure of loss and a little Gatsby too.”

BRING UP THE BODIES – HILARY MANTEL

Bring Up the Bodies by Hilary Mantel

Publisher: Fourth Estate

About the book: Bring Up the Bodies is the second in Mantel’s trilogy on Thomas Cromwell, chief Minister to Henry VIII. Set over a year, the story begins in 1535. Anne Boleyn has failed bear a son to secure the Tudor line, and Henry develops a dangerous attraction to Wolf Hall’s Jane Seymour.

About the author: Mantel, who won the Man Booker in 2009 with Wolf Hall, is the only novelist to have featured on the shortlist of six before. Born in Derbyshire in 1952, she studied Law at the London School of Economics and Sheffield University.

She lived in Botswana for five years and Saudi Arabia for four before returning to Britain in the mid-1980s. Her books include Fludd (1989), A Place of Greater Safety (1992) and Beyond Black (2005). She was awarded a CBE in 2006.

The judges said: “There’s been discussion about the pros and cons of Mantel advancing in the prize again so soon.

“The judges this year noted her even greater mastery of method now, her powerful realism in the separation of past and present and the vivid depiction of English character and landscape.”

THE LIGHTHOUSE – ALISON MOORE

The Lighthouse by Alison Moore

Publisher: Salt Publishing

About the book: Futh, a middle-aged man whose marriage has collapsed, takes a North Sea ferry to Germany for a week’s walking holiday.

But he is haunted by his mother’s abandonment of him as a boy and his first trip to Germany with his newly single father.

About the author: Alison Moore’s short stories have been published in various magazines and anthologies. She has been shortlisted for the Bridport Prize and the Manchester Fiction Prize, and for the Scott Prize for her first collection.

She won first prize in the novella category of The New Writer Prose and Poetry Prizes. Born in Manchester in 1971, she lives near Nottingham with her husband and son.

The judges said: “A bleak inner landscape, written with a temperature control set very low and an acute sense of smell.”

UMBRELLA – WILL SELF

Umbrella by Will Self

Publisher: Bloomsbury

About the book: Umbrella is a non-linear, stream of consciousness novel that spans an entire century. The novel comprises some 400 pages with no chapter divisions and almost without paragraph breaks.

The story follows a misdiagnosed woman in a north London mental hospital, her family and her doctor. The woman, Audrey Death, is a feminist who falls victim to the “sleeping sickness” – encephalitis lethargica – epidemic that rages across Europe after World War I.

The doctor, Zack Busner, spends a summer waking the post-encephalitic patients under his care using a new and powerful drug.

About the author: This is novelist and journalist Will Self’s first brush with the Booker. Born in 1961, he is the author of many novels and books of non-fiction.

They include How the Dead Live, which was shortlisted for the Whitbread Novel of the Year in 2002, and The Butt, winner of the Bollinger Everyman Wodehouse Prize for Comic Fiction 2008. He lives in South London.

The judges said: “This novel is both moving and draining. The judges placed Umbrella on the shortlist with the conviction that those who stick with it will find it much less difficult than it first seems.”

NARCOPOLIS – JEET THAYIL

Narcopolis by Jeet Thayil

Publisher: Faber & Faber

About the book: Jeet Thayil’s first novel Narcopolis is set around a Bombay opium den in the 1970s and ’80s, with a cast of pimps, pushers, poets, gangsters and eunuchs.

Critics have likened Narcopolis to William Burroughs’s Junky and Thomas de Quincey’s Confessions of an English Opium-Eater.

About the author: Poet, songwriter and guitarist, Jeet Thayil was born in Kerala, India in 1959 and educated in Hong Kong, New York and Bombay.

He has published four collections of poetry and is the editor of The Bloodaxe Book of Contemporary Indian Poets (2008). He lives in New Delhi.

The judges said: “Bombay is the first and last word of this first novel, an urban history written by a former drug addict through the changing composition of opiates and the changing characters of their users.

“Poetry is not often a stepping stone to the novel, but we very much admired his perfumed prose from the drug dens and back streets of India’s most concentrated conurbation.”

2012普利策奖

【今年普利策奖评选过程中最引人瞩目的话题自然是普利策文学奖的空缺。对此结果,众说纷纭,各自都有不同的解读。毕竟,这是30多年来的又一次空缺。以下是来自USA TODAY一篇有关今年普利策奖相关情况的报道】

This Pulitzer race is one for the books: No fiction winner

Perhaps the most striking aspect of the Pulitzer Prizes, announced Monday, is the fact that no novel was judged worthy of the $10,000 prize. It’s the first time since 1977 that has happened and the 11th time since Columbia University began the prestigious awards in 1917.

Don’t blame the three-person fiction jury: novelistMichael Cunningham and critics Maureen Corrigan andSusan Larson.

After reading 341 books, they nominated three titles to the 18 voting members of the Pulitzer board, which “could not determine a winner,” says Pulitzer Prizeadministrator Sig Gissler, who sits on the board. Its members include prominent journalists such as TheNew York Times‘ Thomas Friedman. Its only fiction writer is novelist Junot Diaz.

“None of the three books could get a majority of votes,” Gissler says.

Fiction jury’s nominees:

Train Dreams by Denis Johnson, a novella set in the old American West.

Swamplandia! by Karen Russell, a debut novel set in the Florida Everglades about a failing theme park.

The Pale King by the late David Foster Wallace. Published after the author’s 2008 suicide, the novel is set in an IRS office.

Other category winners:

History: The late Manning Marable for Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention. The author, a Columbia University professor who had worked more than a decade on the biography, died of pneumonia last April, three days before the book was published.

Biography: John Lewis Gaddis for George F. Kennan: An American Life. An American diplomat, Kennan was a pivotal figure during the Cold War who advocated the policy of containing the Soviet Union.

Non-fiction: Stephen Greenblatt for The Swerve: How the World Became Modern,which tells the story of a 15th-century book hunter who rescued classical manuscripts and influenced history. It previously had won the 2011 National Book Award for non-fiction.

Drama:Water by the Spoonful by Quiara Alegría Hudes, a play about a returning Iraq veteran in Philadelphia.

Poetry:Life on Mars by Tracy K. Smith.

Music:Silent Night: Opera in Two Acts by Kevin Puts, commissioned and premiered by the Minnesota Opera in Minneapolis.