桂冠诗人达菲:微博短信息是一种现代的诗歌形式

卡萝尔·安·达菲(Carol Ann Duffy)是第一位女性桂冠诗人。在最近的一次访谈中,达菲发表了她对当代诗歌的一些看法。其中之一就是,她认为,当下盛行的微博短信息是现代诗歌的一种形式,是非常适合脸书一代(Facebook generation)的诗歌载体……为此,达菲发起了微博诗歌大赛。目的是让更多的孩子能够走进诗歌的世界……

Poet laureate Carol Ann Duffy says texting is a modern form of poetry and an ideal vehicle for the Facebook generation.

Duffy is the first female poet laureate

“The poem is a form of texting… it’s the original text,” Duffy said in an interview with the Guardian.

“It’s a perfecting of a feeling for language, it’s a way of saying more with less, just as texting is.”

Duffy is launching a competition for secondary school pupils, who will be invited to write their own anthologies.

Entrants can be groups or individuals. They will be given a budget to work with, and the aim is to encourage a stronger relationship between children and the world of poetry.

The deadline for entries is 1 March 2012 and the winning anthology will be announced three months later.

‘Bookless house’

The winner will be chosen by a panel of judges including Duffy, Liz Lochhead, the Scottish makar (national poet), and Gillian Clarke, the national poet of Wales.

Their anthology will be published by Picador, and Duffy will visit the winning school.

She told The Guardian she was passionate about placing poetry at the heart of the school curriculum because school was the first place she was introduced to poetry.

“I grew up in a bookless house… so if I hadn’t had the chance to experience it at school, I would never have experienced it.”

Duffy, who became the first female poet laureate in 2009, added: “The poem is the literary form of the 21st century.

“It’s able to connect young people in a deep way to language… it’s language as play.”

【信息来源:BBC News

英美文学琐记1006

1. 唐纳德·温德姆(Donald Windham)是美国知名的小说家和传记作家。他在纽约的文学生涯生动鲜活;他的小说和他的传记都同样给人深刻印象。他曾经是田纳西·威廉姆斯(Tennessee Williams),林肯·科尔斯坦(Lincoln Kirstein),以及杜鲁门·卡波堤(Truman Capote)等文学名家的好友。这位纽约的文坛名宿于5月31日在曼哈顿的家中去世,享年89岁。温德姆的主要的虚构类作品包括“You Touched Me!”(1944),短片小说集“The Warn Country”(1965),长篇小说“Two People”(1965)。他的主要传记作品包括:“Emblems of Conduct” (1964),“Tennessee Williams’ Letters to Donald Windham, 1940-1965” (1977),和“Lost Friendships”(1987)

2. 这里要记录的这位作家不属于英美文学的范畴。不过还是有必要了解一下。何塞·萨拉马戈(José Saramago)是葡萄牙作家,他于1998年获得了诺贝尔文学奖。他的小说创作既有超现实主义的实验又有玩世不恭的农民的那种实用主义的体现。2010年6月18日,萨拉马戈先生去世,享年87岁。有关萨拉马戈先生的其他相关情况,可在其官方网站(josesaramago.org)上查阅到。萨拉马戈先生的代表作包括“Baltasar and Blimunda”,“Blindness”,以及“The Elephant’s Journey”等等。

3. 纽约时报上的这篇文章较为详细地描述了有关哈佛大学收藏的全部约翰·厄普代克(John Updike)留下来的珍贵资料。是一篇非常有价值的文章。

4. 《论惠特曼》(On Whitman)是普林斯顿论作家系列丛书之一。作者是C. K. 威廉姆斯(C. K. Williams)。新的传记当然就要有新的关注点。威廉姆斯笔下的惠特曼是19世纪60年代享乐主义者的先驱,尤其在性的方面,讲述了惠特曼如何突破“暴力抑制”对享乐主义的束缚。

5. 第一位获得诺贝尔文学奖的美国女作家赛珍珠(Pearl Buck)有着中国的女儿的称号。希拉里·斯布尔林(Hilary Spurling)的最新传记《赛珍珠在中国》(Pearl Buck in China)带领我们一起回顾了赛珍珠在中国的生活和文学创作。斯布尔林是一位享誉盛名的传记作家。在这部新的传记作品中,斯布尔林对赛珍珠努力保持着一种客观中立的态度,适度的肯定和批评并举。对我们深入了解和研究赛珍珠大有裨益。

6. 82岁的夏威夷诗人威廉·斯坦利·默温(W. S. Merwin)是一位毫无争议的大师。他几乎拿遍了美国文学家所能拿到的所有重要的文学奖项:凭借他的《搬梯子的人》(The Carrier of Ladders)和《天狼星的阴影》(The Shadow of Sirius)分别于1971年和2009年两次获得普利策文学奖;凭借《迁移:新诗选集》(Migration:New and Selected Poems)于2005年获得了国家图书奖。所以,当国会图书馆宣布于6月30日宣布默温先生为美国桂冠诗人(Poet Laureate)的时,这个消息其实并不令人感到意外,尽管默温先生本人对于突然成为关注的焦点感到不适应。欣赏一首默温先生写于1983年的诗歌:

Yesterday

My friend says I was not a good son
you understand
I say yes I understand
he says I did not go
to see my parents very often you know
and I say yes I know