贝丽雅·班布里奇(Beryl Bainbridge, 1932-2010)

Dame Beryl Bainbridge won the Whitbread novel award twice

【按:经过读者参与的票选,贝丽雅·班布里奇的小说Master Georgie当选为布克最佳小说。这位获得布克奖提名(进入最后短名单)次数最多,但从未获得过一次布克奖的双栖作家也算是终于得尝所愿了。以下资料来源于BBC】

Man Booker Prize organisers had asked readers to vote for their favourite of five Dame Beryl books shortlisted for the main prize – which she never won.

Master Georgie, shortlisted in 1998, beat Every Man For Himself in the running in 1996 by a handful of votes.

A bound copy of the book was presented to daughter Jojo Davies and grandson Charlie Russell at a party in London.

The prize’s literary director, Ion Trewin, said he was “delighted to be able finally to crown Master Georgie a Booker bride”.

Master Georgie, shortlisted in the year that Ian McEwan’s novel Amsterdam won the prize, is set during the Crimean War.

Dame Beryl’s other shortlisted books were The Dressmaker, nominated in 1973, The Bottle Factory Outing, recognised in 1974, and An Awfully Big Adventure, a contender in 1990 that was made into a film starring Alan Rickman and Hugh Grant.

Dame Beryl died in July, 2010, at the age of 75.

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The writer, whose works included The Dressmaker and Injury Time, passed away in the early hours of Friday morning after a short illness, her agent said.

Liverpool-born Dame Beryl was nominated five times for the Booker Prize and won the Whitbread novel award twice.

Dame Beryl’s 1989 novel An Awfully Big Adventure was made into a film six years later starring Alan Rickman and Hugh Grant.

She won the Whitbread award for Injury Time in 1977 and, in 1996, for Every Man For Himself – which was also shortlisted for the Booker.

Dark themes

Dame Beryl began her career as an actress and performed in repertory theatre before she had her first novel published in 1967.

A Weekend With Claude tells the story of a violent, predatory man.

Dark themes continued with books including 1968’s Harriet Said, the story of two teenage girls who seduce a man before murdering his wife.

A number of her books were set in her home city of Liverpool, including 1973’s The Dressmaker – a tale of love and murder during World War II.

And 1978’s Young Adolf tells the tale of a young Hitler working as a waiter at the city’s Adelphi Hotel in the early 20th Century.

Dame Beryl’s historical novels included 1984’s Watson’s Apology, a portrait of a Victorian murder while Master Georgie, published in 1998, was set in the Crimean War.

Her publicist Susan de Soissons said: “She was one of the huge doyennes of literature and everyone adored her.”

Writing on micro-blogging site Twitter, author Margaret Atwood said: “Oldpal Dame Beryl Bainbridge dies – very sad. Wondrous original, great sport, loved her books. Hope she has champagne in heaven & a smoke…”

The novelist, who specialised in black comedy, wrote columns for the Spectator and the Evening Standard.

Dame Beryl, who in 2008 was featured in a Times newspaper list of the 50 greatest British writers since 1945, also wrote several television plays.

She was made a dame in 2000.

英美文学琐记1007

1. 白丽尔·本布里奇(Beryl Bainbridge)在战后的英国文坛占有独特的一席之地。她擅长黑色幽默色彩的讽刺小说,代表了当今英国文坛与众不同的一种声音,因而广受尊敬。2010年8月初,本布里奇女士在伦敦病故,享年77岁。本布里奇女士原来是一位舞台演员。上个世纪60年代才正式进入文坛,发表了一系列带有浓重自传色彩的小说作品,描写了她在第二次世界大战期间及其之后一段时间艰辛成长的生活历程。

白丽尔·本布里奇的主要作品包括:

《平静的生活》(A Quiet Life 1976)

《小阿尔多夫》(Young Adolf 1978)

《人人为自己》(Every Man for Himself, 1996)

《昆尼说》(According to Queeney, 2001)

公元2000年,本布里奇女士曾被授予大英帝国二等女爵士称号。本布里奇女士曾于1976年接受《当代小说家》(Contemporary Novelists)杂志采访时说:“我坚信每个人都可以写书;我一直不明白他们为什么不能。无论如何,人人都说话。一旦学会了语法之后,剩下来的就是在纸上说话,并且适时地学会什么不该说而已”。

2. 威廉·戈尔丁(William Golding)这个名字应该是大家较为熟悉的一个英国作家的名字。事实上,当威廉·戈尔丁的《蝇王》(Lord of the Flies,1954)取代《麦田里的守望者》(The Catcher in the Rye)而成为美国青少年的必读宝典的时候,这并不是一件多么难以理解的事情。同样地,当我们发现戈尔丁的童年毫无快乐可言时,一切也都是可以理解的。在约翰·凯雷(John Carey)的传记《<蝇王>的作者:威廉·戈尔丁》(William Golding:The Man Who Written Lord of the Flies)是戈尔丁研究的一项最新成果。这部传记重点记述了1911年至1993年期间作家威廉·戈尔丁的生活和创作。尤其值得人们注意的是,这部传记向人们展示了戈尔丁鲜为人知的童年生活,因而也向人们揭示了小说《蝇王》背后所隐藏的秘密。 戈尔丁先生在世时是一个非常内向的人。他不愿意接受采访,也不想要有什么人去为他写什么传记。但是,现在看来,也许戈尔丁先生应该感到欣慰——因为凯雷先生真实地再现了他的生活,尤其是他的童年,从而使得今天的我们在敬仰戈尔丁先生的睿智和文笔的时候,也能够体会到作者戈尔丁本人的不幸童年,并对其表示几份同情和理解。。。

3. 《无良之国》(我猜可以这么译吧?!In Rough Country: Essays and Reviews)是美国当代最为著名的女作家之一,乔伊斯·卡罗尔·欧茨(Joyce Carol Oates)撰写的一部评论文集。据说在写作这些评论文章的时候,正值欧茨的丈夫雷蒙德·史密斯(Raymond Smith)隐患肺炎病逝(2008年2月)。没有人能够想象得出欧茨女士是如何克服巨大的心理创伤和悲痛,努力让文集中的这些文章保持前后一贯,让人觉察不出其中曾经有过长时间的因悲伤而无法下笔的间隙。

在欧茨的这部文集中收录了她的28篇评论文章和回顾杂谈。她在这部文集中的目的就是要描述出那些带有欺骗性的地点和人物。欧茨文章中涉及到的名家包括:弗兰纳里·奥康纳(Flannery O’Connor)、吉姆·克莱斯(Jim Crace)、玛格丽特·阿特伍德(Margaret Atwood)以及埃德加·艾伦·坡( Edgar Allan Poe),等等。当然,也有她自己。

这部文集能够帮助我们更好地理解欧茨女士的艺术思想和追求,能够有助于我们更加快捷地进入欧茨女士作品的一般主题,能够有助于我们较为直接地体会到欧茨女士的风格特征。

A late-1950s New York minute: clockwise from far right, Allen Ginsberg, Gregory Corso (in cap), the painter Larry Rivers, Jack Kerouac and the musician David Amram.

4. 阿伦·金斯堡(Allen Ginsberg)和杰克·凯鲁亚克(Jack Kerouac)是上个世纪美国文坛垮掉派(the Beat Generation)的两位代表人物。长诗《嚎叫》和小说《在路上》所产生的影响绝不仅仅局限于他们的那个时代。近期出版的由比尔·摩根( Bill Morgan)和大卫·斯坦福(David Stanford)主持编辑的《金斯堡和凯鲁亚克书信集》(Allen Ginsberg and Jack Kerouac: The Letters)是一份研究垮掉派文学的珍贵资料。通过这些书信,我们可以更加真切地触摸到那个特别的时代的特别的思想脉搏。。。

5. 威廉·萨默塞特·毛姆(William Somerset Maugham),英国著名的小说家、散文家。人们对这位作家的兴趣不仅仅在他的经典作品之上。作家的私生活也是爱好者们津津乐道的话题。毛姆研究专家赛琳娜·哈斯丁斯(Selina Hastings)的最新传记《萨默塞特·毛姆的秘密生活》(The Secret Lives of Somerset Maugham:A Biography)正是从私生活这个角度再现了作家毛姆生活中其他侧面,披露了很多过去鲜为人知的事实。同时,赛琳娜·哈斯丁斯在她的最新研究成果中也纠正了一些人们对于这位大作家的错误认识,揭露这些错误认识的根源。哈斯丁斯的这部毛姆传记对于我们阅读毛姆、研究毛姆都将大有裨益。

6. In addition to publishing six books of poetry as well as eight of cultural history and criticism, Geoffrey O’Brien is the editor in chief of the Library of America, whose handsome, authoritative volumes now more or less constitute the nation’s literary canon. But however central the novelist Mansfield Tracy Walworth (1830-73) may be to O’Brien’s crackerjack new history of one family’s mayhem, it seems safe to say that he will not soon be joining Welty, Wharton and Whitman at the right-hand reaches of the Library’s long, august shelf. n books like “Lulu” and “Warwick” and “The Mission of Death,” Walworth added purple prose, foot fetishism and idealized projections of himself to what O’Brien calls “a staggering slovenliness” about plotting. Even at the age of 12, Walworth was described as having “a haughty, arrogant nature and an ill-regulated mind,” and his upstate New York neighbors didn’t seem to be shocked when he grew up into a violent brute of a husband. Indeed, the real surprise in “The Fall of the House of Walworth” is that Mansfield’s pivotal role in the family chronicle should be not as a murderer but as a corpse.